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3 Ways Diabetes Can Affect Your Vision and Eyes

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Did you know that people with diabetes are 20 times more likely to get eye diseases than those without it? There are three major eye conditions that diabetics are at risk for developing: cataracts, glaucoma, and diabetic retinopathy. To prevent these sight-threatening diseases, it's important to control your blood sugar level and have your eyes checked at least once a year by an eye doctor. 

But First, What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease that is associated with high blood glucose levels. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, helps our cells get energy from the sugars we eat. Diabetes develops when the body doesn't produce or respond to insulin effectively, leaving too much sugar in the blood stream instead. Over time, diabetes can lead to potentially irreversible ocular damage and poor eyesight. However, by taking care of your blood sugar levels and your eyes, you can prevent vision loss.

Annual eye exams are recommended for everyone, but routine screenings are even more important for diabetics. Eye doctors may send diabetic eye health reports to a patient’s primary care physician or internist to adjust medication as needed to prevent complications.

What's the Link Between Vision and Diabetes? 

Blurred vision or fluctuating eyesight clarity is often one of the first noticeable signs that diabetes has begun to affect your eyes. Sometimes, fluid leaking into the eye causes the lens to swell and change shape. This, in turn, makes it difficult for the eyes to focus, resulting in fuzzy vision. Such symptoms can indicate that an eye disease is developing, or may simply be due to imbalanced blood sugar levels which can be rectified by getting your blood sugar back to healthy levels. 

If you start to notice blurry vision, make an appointment with Dr. Linh T. Yee-Young as soon as possible.

The 3 Ways Diabetes Impacts Vision 

Cataracts

While cataracts are extremely common and a part of the natural aging process, those with diabetes tend to develop cataracts earlier in life. Characterized by a clouding or fogging of the lens within the eye, cataracts impede light from entering the eye, causing blurred vision and glares. The best treatment is cataract surgery, which is very safe and effective. 

Glaucoma

Glaucoma refers to a group of eye diseases characterized by optic nerve damage. Since it tends to impact peripheral vision first, glaucoma often goes unnoticed until significant damage has occurred. However, routine glaucoma screenings can detect warning signs; early treatment can prevent disease progression and vision loss. 

Although there is no true cure for glaucoma, most glaucoma patients successfully manage it with special eye drops, medication, and on occasion, laser treatment or other surgery. The earlier glaucoma is diagnosed and managed, the better the outcome.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy occurs when the small blood vessels on your retina (capillaries) become weakened and then balloon (microaneurysm) due to poorly controlled blood sugar levels. The resulting poor blood circulation in the back of the eye causes more abnormal blood vessels to grow, which also bleed or leak fluid, and can lead to scar tissue, retinal detachment and even blindness, over time.

Often there are no symptoms until the advanced stages of diabetic retinopathy, where patients may begin to see spots and missing patches in their vision. Retinopathy can be treated through surgery and eye injections, but the best way to prevent this disease from progressing is to regularly have your eyes screened.

The good news is that diabetic eye disease can often be prevented with early detection, proper management of your diabetes and regular diabetic eye exams. Contact Texas State Optical in The Woodlands to set up your eye doctor’s appointment today. 

To Our Patient Family,

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and in the best interest of public health to help flatten the curve, our office will be following the CDC guidelines to postpone all routine eye care visits. We have made the decision to reduce our services to urgent/emergent eye care only until April 4th at which time we will re-evaluate.

What Does This Mean?

Although the physical office will be closed starting Saturday March 21st, there will be limited staff available to answer questions, place contact lens order, schedule urgent/emergent patients, etc. by phone from 10am – 4pm Monday through Friday.

We are offering to extend contact lens prescriptions for up to 6 months for current patients without any vision problems. If you are in need of contact lenses, please call the office at 281-681-3937 to discuss or to place an order.

Dr. Young is still available for red eyes, sudden vision changes, injuries, and other urgent issues for both new and established patients. Call the office to schedule an appointment if you feel your need meets these criteria.

If you have glasses ordered that are ready for pickup, we will be delivering or shipping those to you at no cost and will contact you with information. Call the office with questions.

Contact lens orders will be delivered direct to you with no cost for shipping also.

As always, we are here for you if you need us and if you have questions about your specific situation please feel free to call or email! God bless & stay safe!

Thank you for your understanding during this challenging time!

The Doctors and Staff of TSO Woodlands

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